The Music Player Daemon protocol

General protocol syntax

Protocol overview

The MPD command protocol exchanges line-based text records between client and server over TCP. Once the client is connected to the server, they conduct a conversation until the client closes the connection. The conversation flow is always initiated by the client.

The client transmits a command sequence, terminated by the newline character \n. The server will respond with one or more lines, the last of which will be a completion code.

When the client connects to the server, the server will answer with the following line:

OK MPD version

where version is a version identifier such as 0.12.2. This version identifier is the version of the protocol spoken, not the real version of the daemon. (There is no way to retrieve this real version identifier from the connection.)

Requests

COMMAND [ARG...]

If arguments contain spaces, they should be surrounded by double quotation marks.

Argument strings are separated from the command and any other arguments by linear white-space (‘ ‘ or ‘\t’).

All data between the client and the server is encoded in UTF-8.

Responses

A command returns OK on completion or ACK some error on failure. These denote the end of command execution.

Failure responses

The nature of the error can be gleaned from the information that follows the ACK. ACK lines are of the form:

ACK [error@command_listNum] {current_command} message_text

These responses are generated by a call to commandError. They contain four separate terms. Let’s look at each of them:

  • error: numeric value of one of the ACK_ERROR constants defined in src/protocol/Ack.hxx.
  • command_listNum: offset of the command that caused the error in a Command List. An error will always cause a command list to terminate at the command that causes the error.
  • current_command: name of the command, in a Command List, that was executing when the error occurred.
  • message_text: some (hopefully) informative text that describes the nature of the error.

An example might help. Consider the following sequence sent from the client to the server:

command_list_begin
volume 86
play 10240
status
command_list_end

The server responds with:

ACK [50@1] {play} song doesn't exist: "10240"

This tells us that the play command, which was the second in the list (the first or only command is numbered 0), failed with error 50. The number 50 translates to ACK_ERROR_NO_EXIST – the song doesn’t exist. This is reiterated by the message text which also tells us which song doesn’t exist.

Command lists

To facilitate faster adding of files etc. you can pass a list of commands all at once using a command list. The command list begins with command_list_begin or command_list_ok_begin and ends with command_list_end.

It does not execute any commands until the list has ended. The return value is whatever the return for a list of commands is. On success for all commands, OK is returned. If a command fails, no more commands are executed and the appropriate ACK error is returned. If command_list_ok_begin is used, list_OK is returned for each successful command executed in the command list.

Ranges

Some commands (e.g. delete) allow specifying a range in the form START:END (the END item is not included in the range, similar to ranges in the Python programming language). If END is omitted, then the maximum possible value is assumed.

Filters

All commands which search for songs (e.g. find and searchadd) share a common filter syntax:

find EXPRESSION

EXPRESSION is a string enclosed in parantheses which can be one of:

  • (TAG == 'VALUE'): match a tag value. (TAG != 'VALUE'): mismatch a tag value. The special tag “any” checks all tag values. albumartist looks for VALUE in AlbumArtist and falls back to Artist tags if AlbumArtist does not exist. VALUE is what to find. The find commands specify an exact value and are case-sensitive; the search commands specify a sub string and ignore case.
  • (file == 'VALUE'): match the full song URI (relative to the music directory).
  • (base 'VALUE'): restrict the search to songs in the given directory (relative to the music directory).
  • (modified-since 'VALUE'): compares the file’s time stamp with the given value (ISO 8601 or UNIX time stamp).
  • (AudioFormat == 'SAMPLERATE:BITS:CHANNELS'): compares the audio format with the given value.
  • (AudioFormat =~ 'SAMPLERATE:BITS:CHANNELS'): matches the audio format with the given mask (i.e. one or more attributes may be “*”).
  • (!EXPRESSION): negate an expression.
  • (EXPRESSION1 AND EXPRESSION2 ...): combine two or more expressions with logical “and”.

Prior to MPD 0.21, the syntax looked like this:

find TYPE VALUE

Tags

The following tags are supported by MPD:

  • artist: the artist name. Its meaning is not well-defined; see “composer” and “performer” for more specific tags.
  • artistsort: same as artist, but for sorting. This usually omits prefixes such as “The”.
  • album: the album name.
  • albumsort: same as album, but for sorting.
  • albumartist: on multi-artist albums, this is the artist name which shall be used for the whole album. The exact meaning of this tag is not well-defined.
  • albumartistsort: same as albumartist, but for sorting.
  • title: the song title.
  • track: the decimal track number within the album.
  • name: a name for this song. This is not the song title. The exact meaning of this tag is not well-defined. It is often used by badly configured internet radio stations with broken tags to squeeze both the artist name and the song title in one tag.
  • genre: the music genre.
  • date: the song’s release date. This is usually a 4-digit year.
  • composer: the artist who composed the song.
  • performer: the artist who performed the song.
  • comment: a human-readable comment about this song. The exact meaning of this tag is not well-defined.
  • disc: the decimal disc number in a multi-disc album.
  • musicbrainz_artistid: the artist id in the MusicBrainz database.
  • musicbrainz_albumid: the album id in the MusicBrainz database.
  • musicbrainz_albumartistid: the album artist id in the MusicBrainz database.
  • musicbrainz_trackid: the track id in the MusicBrainz database.
  • musicbrainz_releasetrackid: the release track id in the MusicBrainz database.
  • musicbrainz_workid: the work id in the MusicBrainz database.

There can be multiple values for some of these tags. For example, MPD may return multiple lines with a performer tag. A tag value is a UTF-8 string.

Other Metadata

The response to lsinfo and similar commands may contain song tags and other metadata, specifically:

  • duration: the duration of the song in seconds; may contain a fractional part.
  • time: like duration, but as integer value. This is deprecated and is only here for compatibility with older clients. Do not use.
  • Range: if this is a queue item referring only to a portion of the song file, then this attribute contains the time range in the form START-END or START- (open ended); both START and END are time stamps within the song in seconds (may contain a fractional part). Example: 60-120 plays only the second minute; “180 skips the first three minutes.
  • Format: the audio format of the song (or an approximation to a format supported by MPD and the decoder plugin being used). When playing this file, the audio value in the status response should be the same.
  • Last-Modified: the time stamp of the last modification of the underlying file in ISO 8601 format. Example: “2008-09-28T20:04:57Z

Recipes

Queuing

Often, users run MPD with random enabled, but want to be able to insert songs “before” the rest of the playlist. That is commonly called “queuing”.

MPD implements this by allowing the client to specify a “priority” for each song in the playlist (commands priod and priodid). A higher priority means that the song is going to be played before the other songs.

In “random” mode, MPD maintains an internal randomized sequence of songs. In this sequence, songs with a higher priority come first, and all songs with the same priority are shuffled (by default, all songs are shuffled, because all have the same priority “0”). When you increase the priority of a song, it is moved to the front of the sequence according to its new priority, but always after the current one. A song that has been played already (it’s “before” the current song in that sequence) will only be scheduled for repeated playback if its priority has become bigger than the priority of the current song. Decreasing the priority of a song will move it farther to the end of the sequence. Changing the priority of the current song has no effect on the sequence. During playback, a song’s priority is reset to zero.

Command reference

Note

For manipulating playlists and playing, there are two sets of commands. One set uses the song id of a song in the playlist, while another set uses the playlist position of the song. The commands using song ids should be used instead of the commands that manipulate and control playback based on playlist position. Using song ids is a safer method when multiple clients are interacting with MPD.

Querying MPD’s status

clearerror
Clears the current error message in status (this is also accomplished by any command that starts playback).
currentsong
Displays the song info of the current song (same song that is identified in status).
idle [SUBSYSTEMS...] [1]

Waits until there is a noteworthy change in one or more of MPD’s subsystems. As soon as there is one, it lists all changed systems in a line in the format changed: SUBSYSTEM, where SUBSYSTEM is one of the following:

  • database: the song database has been modified after update.
  • update: a database update has started or finished. If the database was modified during the update, the database event is also emitted.
  • stored_playlist: a stored playlist has been modified, renamed, created or deleted
  • playlist: the current playlist has been modified
  • player: the player has been started, stopped or seeked
  • mixer: the volume has been changed
  • output: an audio output has been added, removed or modified (e.g. renamed, enabled or disabled)
  • options: options like repeat, random, crossfade, replay gain
  • partition: a partition was added, removed or changed
  • sticker: the sticker database has been modified.
  • subscription: a client has subscribed or unsubscribed to a channel
  • message: a message was received on a channel this client is subscribed to; this event is only emitted when the queue is empty

Change events accumulate, even while the connection is not in “idle” mode; no events gets lost while the client is doing something else with the connection. If an event had already occurred since the last call, the new idle command will return immediately.

While a client is waiting for idle results, the server disables timeouts, allowing a client to wait for events as long as mpd runs. The idle command can be canceled by sending the command noidle (no other commands are allowed). MPD will then leave idle mode and print results immediately; might be empty at this time. If the optional SUBSYSTEMS argument is used, MPD will only send notifications when something changed in one of the specified subsytems.

status

Reports the current status of the player and the volume level.

  • volume: 0-100 or -1 if the volume cannot be determined
  • repeat: 0 or 1
  • random: 0 or 1
  • single [2]: 0, 1, or oneshot [5]
  • consume [2]: 0 or 1
  • playlist: 31-bit unsigned integer, the playlist version number
  • playlistlength: integer, the length of the playlist
  • state: play, stop, or ``pause
  • song: playlist song number of the current song stopped on or playing
  • songid: playlist songid of the current song stopped on or playing
  • nextsong [2]: playlist song number of the next song to be played
  • nextsongid [2]: playlist songid of the next song to be played
  • time: total time elapsed (of current playing/paused song)
  • elapsed [3]: Total time elapsed within the current song, but with higher resolution.
  • duration [5]: Duration of the current song in seconds.
  • bitrate: instantaneous bitrate in kbps
  • xfade: crossfade in seconds
  • mixrampdb: mixramp threshold in dB
  • mixrampdelay: mixrampdelay in seconds
  • audio: The format emitted by the decoder plugin during playback, format: *samplerate:bits:channels*. Check the user manual for a detailed explanation.
  • updating_db: job id
  • error: if there is an error, returns message here
stats

Displays statistics.

  • artists: number of artists
  • albums: number of albums
  • songs: number of songs
  • uptime: daemon uptime in seconds
  • db_playtime: sum of all song times in the db
  • db_update: last db update in UNIX time
  • playtime: time length of music played

Playback options

consume {STATE} [2]
Sets consume state to STATE, STATE should be 0 or 1. When consume is activated, each song played is removed from playlist.
crossfade {SECONDS}
Sets crossfading between songs.
mixrampdb {deciBels}
Sets the threshold at which songs will be overlapped. Like crossfading but doesn’t fade the track volume, just overlaps. The songs need to have MixRamp tags added by an external tool. 0dB is the normalized maximum volume so use negative values, I prefer -17dB. In the absence of mixramp tags crossfading will be used. See http://sourceforge.net/projects/mixramp
mixrampdelay {SECONDS}
Additional time subtracted from the overlap calculated by mixrampdb. A value of “nan” disables MixRamp overlapping and falls back to crossfading.
random {STATE}
Sets random state to STATE, STATE should be 0 or 1.
repeat {STATE}
Sets repeat state to STATE, STATE should be 0 or 1.
setvol {VOL}
Sets volume to VOL, the range of volume is 0-100.
single {STATE} [2]
Sets single state to STATE, STATE should be 0 or 1. When single is activated, playback is stopped after current song, or song is repeated if the ‘repeat’ mode is enabled.
replay_gain_mode {MODE} [3]
Sets the replay gain mode. One of off, track, album, auto . Changing the mode during playback may take several seconds, because the new settings does not affect the buffered data. This command triggers the options idle event.
replay_gain_status
Prints replay gain options. Currently, only the variable replay_gain_mode is returned.
volume {CHANGE}
Changes volume by amount CHANGE. Deprecated, use setvol instead.

Controlling playback

next
Plays next song in the playlist.
pause {PAUSE}

Toggles pause/resumes playing, PAUSE is 0 or 1.

The use of pause command without the PAUSE argument is deprecated.

play [SONGPOS]
Begins playing the playlist at song number SONGPOS.
playid [SONGID]
Begins playing the playlist at song SONGID.
previous
Plays previous song in the playlist.
seek {SONGPOS} {TIME}
Seeks to the position TIME (in seconds; fractions allowed) of entry SONGPOS in the playlist.
seekid {SONGID} {TIME}
Seeks to the position TIME (in seconds; fractions allowed) of song SONGID.
seekcur {TIME}
Seeks to the position TIME (in seconds; fractions allowed) within the current song. If prefixed by + or -, then the time is relative to the current playing position.
stop
Stops playing.

The current playlist

add {URI}
Adds the file URI to the playlist (directories add recursively). URI can also be a single file.
addid {URI} [POSITION]

Adds a song to the playlist (non-recursive) and returns the song id. URI is always a single file or URL. For example:

addid "foo.mp3"
Id: 999
OK
clear
Clears the current playlist.
delete [{POS} | {START:END}]
Deletes a song from the playlist.
deleteid {SONGID}
Deletes the song SONGID from the playlist
move {FROM} [{START:END} | {TO}]
Moves the song at FROM or range of songs at START:END [2] to TO in the playlist.
moveid {FROM} {TO}
Moves the song with FROM (songid) to TO (playlist index) in the playlist. If TO is negative, it is relative to the current song in the playlist (if there is one).

playlist

Displays the current playlist.

Do not use this, instead use playlistinfo.

playlistfind {TAG} {NEEDLE}
Finds songs in the current playlist with strict matching.
playlistid {SONGID}
Displays a list of songs in the playlist. SONGID is optional and specifies a single song to display info for.
playlistinfo [[SONGPOS] | [START:END]]
Displays a list of all songs in the playlist, or if the optional argument is given, displays information only for the song SONGPOS or the range of songs START:END [2]
playlistsearch {TAG} {NEEDLE}
Searches case-insensitively for partial matches in the current playlist.
plchanges {VERSION} [START:END]

Displays changed songs currently in the playlist since VERSION. Start and end positions may be given to limit the output to changes in the given range.

To detect songs that were deleted at the end of the playlist, use playlistlength returned by status command.

plchangesposid {VERSION} [START:END]

Displays changed songs currently in the playlist since VERSION. This function only returns the position and the id of the changed song, not the complete metadata. This is more bandwidth efficient.

To detect songs that were deleted at the end of the playlist, use playlistlength returned by status command.

prio {PRIORITY} {START:END...}

Set the priority of the specified songs. A higher priority means that it will be played first when “random” mode is enabled.

A priority is an integer between 0 and 255. The default priority of new songs is 0.

prioid {PRIORITY} {ID...}
Same as priod, but address the songs with their id.
rangeid {ID} {START:END} [4]
Since MPD 0.19 Specifies the portion of the song that shall be played. START and END are offsets in seconds (fractional seconds allowed); both are optional. Omitting both (i.e. sending just “:”) means “remove the range, play everything”. A song that is currently playing cannot be manipulated this way.
shuffle [START:END]
Shuffles the current playlist. START:END is optional and specifies a range of songs.
swap {SONG1} {SONG2}
Swaps the positions of SONG1 and SONG2.
swapid {SONG1} {SONG2}
Swaps the positions of SONG1 and SONG2 (both song ids).
addtagid {SONGID} {TAG} {VALUE}
Adds a tag to the specified song. Editing song tags is only possible for remote songs. This change is volatile: it may be overwritten by tags received from the server, and the data is gone when the song gets removed from the queue.
cleartagid {SONGID} [TAG]
Removes tags from the specified song. If TAG is not specified, then all tag values will be removed. Editing song tags is only possible for remote songs.

Stored playlists

Playlists are stored inside the configured playlist directory. They are addressed with their file name (without the directory and without the .m3u suffix).

Some of the commands described in this section can be used to run playlist plugins instead of the hard-coded simple m3u parser. They can access playlists in the music directory (relative path including the suffix) or remote playlists (absolute URI with a supported scheme).

listplaylist {NAME}
Lists the songs in the playlist. Playlist plugins are supported.
listplaylistinfo {NAME}
Lists the songs with metadata in the playlist. Playlist plugins are supported.
listplaylists
Prints a list of the playlist directory. After each playlist name the server sends its last modification time as attribute “Last-Modified” in ISO 8601 format. To avoid problems due to clock differences between clients and the server, clients should not compare this value with their local clock.
load {NAME} [START:END]
Loads the playlist into the current queue. Playlist plugins are supported. A range may be specified to load only a part of the playlist.
playlistadd {NAME} {URI}
Adds URI to the playlist NAME.m3u. NAME.m3u will be created if it does not exist.
playlistclear {NAME}
Clears the playlist NAME.m3u.
playlistdelete {NAME} {SONGPOS}
Deletes SONGPOS from the playlist NAME.m3u.
playlistmove {NAME} {FROM} {TO}
Moves the song at position FROM in the playlist NAME.m3u to the position TO.
rename {NAME} {NEW_NAME}
Renames the playlist NAME.m3u to NEW_NAME.m3u.
rm {NAME}
Removes the playlist NAME.m3u from the playlist directory.
save {NAME}
Saves the current playlist to NAME.m3u in the playlist directory.

The music database

albumart {URI} {OFFSET}

Searches the directory the file URI resides in and attempts to return a chunk of an album art image file at offset OFFSET. Uses the filename “cover” with any of “.png, .jpg, .tiff, .bmp”.

Returns the file size and actual number of bytes read at the requested offset, followed by the chunk requested as raw bytes, then a newline and the completion code.

Example:

albumart
size: 1024768
binary: 8192
<8192 bytes>
OK
count {FILTER} [group {GROUPTYPE}]

Count the number of songs and their total playtime in the database matching FILTER (see Filters). The following prints the number of songs whose title matches “Echoes”:

count title Echoes

The group keyword may be used to group the results by a tag. The first following example prints per-artist counts while the next prints the number of songs whose title matches “Echoes” grouped by artist:

count group artist
count title Echoes group artist
find {FILTER} [sort {TYPE}] [window {START:END}]

Search the database for songs matching FILTER (see Filters).

sort sorts the result by the specified tag. The sort is descending if the tag is prefixed with a minus (‘-‘). Without sort, the order is undefined. Only the first tag value will be used, if multiple of the same type exist. To sort by “Artist”, “Album” or “AlbumArtist”, you should specify “ArtistSort”, “AlbumSort” or “AlbumArtistSort” instead. These will automatically fall back to the former if “*Sort” doesn’t exist. “AlbumArtist” falls back to just “Artist”. The type “Last-Modified” can sort by file modification time.

window can be used to query only a portion of the real response. The parameter is two zero-based record numbers; a start number and an end number.

findadd {FILTER}
Search the database for songs matching FILTER (see Filters) and add them to the queue. Parameters have the same meaning as for find.
list {TYPE} {FILTER} [group {GROUPTYPE}]

Lists unique tags values of the specified type. TYPE can be any tag supported by MPD or file.

Additional arguments may specify a filter. The group keyword may be used (repeatedly) to group the results by one or more tags.

The following example lists all album names, grouped by their respective (album) artist:

list album group albumartist
listall [URI]

Lists all songs and directories in URI.

Do not use this command. Do not manage a client-side copy of MPD’s database. That is fragile and adds huge overhead. It will break with large databases. Instead, query MPD whenever you need something.

listallinfo [URI]

Same as listall, except it also returns metadata info in the same format as lsinfo

Do not use this command. Do not manage a client-side copy of MPD’s database. That is fragile and adds huge overhead. It will break with large databases. Instead, query MPD whenever you need something.

listfiles {URI}

Lists the contents of the directory URI, including files are not recognized by MPD. URI can be a path relative to the music directory or an URI understood by one of the storage plugins. The response contains at least one line for each directory entry with the prefix “file: ” or “directory: “, and may be followed by file attributes such as “Last-Modified” and “size”.

For example, “smb://SERVER” returns a list of all shares on the given SMB/CIFS server; “nfs://servername/path” obtains a directory listing from the NFS server.

lsinfo {URI}

Lists the contents of the directory URI. The response contains records starting with file, directory or playlist, each followed by metadata (tags or other metadata).

When listing the root directory, this currently returns the list of stored playlists. This behavior is deprecated; use “listplaylists” instead.

This command may be used to list metadata of remote files (e.g. URI beginning with “http://” or “smb://”).

Clients that are connected via UNIX domain socket may use this command to read the tags of an arbitrary local file (URI is an absolute path).

readcomments {URI}

Read “comments” (i.e. key-value pairs) from the file specified by “URI”. This “URI” can be a path relative to the music directory or an absolute path.

This command may be used to list metadata of remote files (e.g. URI beginning with “http://” or “smb://”).

The response consists of lines in the form “KEY: VALUE”. Comments with suspicious characters (e.g. newlines) are ignored silently.

The meaning of these depends on the codec, and not all decoder plugins support it. For example, on Ogg files, this lists the Vorbis comments.

searchadd {FILTER}

Search the database for songs matching FILTER (see Filters) and add them to the queue.

Parameters have the same meaning as for search.

searchaddpl {NAME} {FILTER}

Search the database for songs matching FILTER (see Filters) and add them to the playlist named NAME.

If a playlist by that name doesn’t exist it is created.

Parameters have the same meaning as for search.

update [URI]

Updates the music database: find new files, remove deleted files, update modified files.

URI is a particular directory or song/file to update. If you do not specify it, everything is updated.

Prints updating_db: JOBID where JOBID is a positive number identifying the update job. You can read the current job id in the status response.

rescan [URI]
Same as update, but also rescans unmodified files.

Mounts and neighbors

A “storage” provides access to files in a directory tree. The most basic storage plugin is the “local” storage plugin which accesses the local file system, and there are plugins to access NFS and SMB servers.

Multiple storages can be “mounted” together, similar to the mount command on many operating systems, but without cooperation from the kernel. No superuser privileges are necessary, beause this mapping exists only inside the MPD process

mount {PATH} {URI}

Mount the specified remote storage URI at the given path. Example:

mount foo nfs://192.168.1.4/export/mp3
unmount {PATH}

Unmounts the specified path. Example:

unmount foo
listmounts

Queries a list of all mounts. By default, this contains just the configured music_directory. Example:

listmounts
mount:
storage: /home/foo/music
mount: foo
storage: nfs://192.168.1.4/export/mp3
OK
listneighbors

Queries a list of “neighbors” (e.g. accessible file servers on the local net). Items on that list may be used with the mount command. Example:

listneighbors
neighbor: smb://FOO
name: FOO (Samba 4.1.11-Debian)
OK

Stickers

“Stickers” [2] are pieces of information attached to existing MPD objects (e.g. song files, directories, albums). Clients can create arbitrary name/value pairs. MPD itself does not assume any special meaning in them.

The goal is to allow clients to share additional (possibly dynamic) information about songs, which is neither stored on the client (not available to other clients), nor stored in the song files (MPD has no write access).

Client developers should create a standard for common sticker names, to ensure interoperability.

Objects which may have stickers are addressed by their object type (“song” for song objects) and their URI (the path within the database for songs).

sticker get {TYPE} {URI} {NAME}
Reads a sticker value for the specified object.
sticker set {TYPE} {URI} {NAME} {VALUE}
Adds a sticker value to the specified object. If a sticker item with that name already exists, it is replaced.
sticker delete {TYPE} {URI} [NAME]
Deletes a sticker value from the specified object. If you do not specify a sticker name, all sticker values are deleted.
sticker list {TYPE} {URI}
Lists the stickers for the specified object.
sticker find {TYPE} {URI} {NAME}
Searches the sticker database for stickers with the specified name, below the specified directory (URI). For each matching song, it prints the URI and that one sticker’s value.
sticker find {TYPE} {URI} {NAME} = {VALUE}

Searches for stickers with the given value.

Other supported operators are: “<”, “>

Connection settings

close
Closes the connection to MPD. MPD will try to send the remaining output buffer before it actually closes the connection, but that cannot be guaranteed. This command will not generate a response.
kill
Kills MPD.
password {PASSWORD}
This is used for authentication with the server. PASSWORD is simply the plaintext password.
ping
Does nothing but return “OK”.
tagtypes

Shows a list of available tag types. It is an intersection of the metadata_to_use setting and this client’s tag mask.

About the tag mask: each client can decide to disable any number of tag types, which will be omitted from responses to this client. That is a good idea, because it makes responses smaller. The following tagtypes sub commands configure this list.

tagtypes disable {NAME...]
Remove one or more tags from the list of tag types the client is interested in. These will be omitted from responses to this client.
tagtypes enable {NAME...}
Re-enable one or more tags from the list of tag types for this client. These will no longer be hidden from responses to this client.
tagtypes clear
Clear the list of tag types this client is interested in. This means that MPD will not send any tags to this client.
tagtypes all
Announce that this client is interested in all tag types. This is the default setting for new clients.

Partition commands

These commands allow a client to inspect and manage “partitions”. A partition is one frontend of a multi-player MPD process: it has separate queue, player and outputs. A client is assigned to one partition at a time.

partition {NAME}
Switch the client to a different partition.
listpartitions
Print a list of partitions. Each partition starts with a partition keyword and the partition’s name, followed by information about the partition.
newpartition {NAME}
Create a new partition.

Audio output devices

disableoutput {ID}
Turns an output off.
enableoutput {ID}
Turns an output on.
toggleoutput {ID}
Turns an output on or off, depending on the current state.
outputs

Shows information about all outputs.

outputid: 0
outputname: My ALSA Device
plugin: alsa
outputenabled: 0
attribute: dop=0
OK

Return information:

  • outputid: ID of the output. May change between executions
  • outputname: Name of the output. It can be any.
  • outputenabled: Status of the output. 0 if disabled, 1 if enabled.
outputset {ID} {NAME} {VALUE}
Set a runtime attribute. These are specific to the output plugin, and supported values are usually printed in the outputs response.

Reflection

config

Dumps configuration values that may be interesting for the client. This command is only permitted to “local” clients (connected via UNIX domain socket).

The following response attributes are available:

  • music_directory: The absolute path of the music directory.
commands
Shows which commands the current user has access to.
notcommands
Shows which commands the current user does not have access to.
urlhandlers
Gets a list of available URL handlers.
decoders

Print a list of decoder plugins, followed by their supported suffixes and MIME types. Example response:

plugin: mad
suffix: mp3
suffix: mp2
mime_type: audio/mpeg
plugin: mpcdec
suffix: mpc

Client to client

Clients can communicate with each others over “channels”. A channel is created by a client subscribing to it. More than one client can be subscribed to a channel at a time; all of them will receive the messages which get sent to it.

Each time a client subscribes or unsubscribes, the global idle event subscription is generated. In conjunction with the channels command, this may be used to auto-detect clients providing additional services.

New messages are indicated by the message idle event.

subscribe {NAME}
Subscribe to a channel. The channel is created if it does not exist already. The name may consist of alphanumeric ASCII characters plus underscore, dash, dot and colon.
unsubscribe {NAME}
Unsubscribe from a channel.
channels
Obtain a list of all channels. The response is a list of “channel:” lines.
readmessages
Reads messages for this client. The response is a list of “channel:” and “message:” lines.
sendmessage {CHANNEL} {TEXT}
Send a message to the specified channel.

Footnotes

[1]Since MPD 0.14
[2](1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9) Since MPD 0.15
[3](1, 2) Since MPD 0.16
[4]Since MPD 0.20
[5](1, 2) Since MPD 0.20